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Vancouver Island's Species

Caution
The information presented on this site is provided for educational purposes. Self diagnosis and treatment, without due diligence, could be harmful and is not encouraged. Some information & images may be copyright. Every effort has been made to present the information in the spirit with which it was originally presented. Some data has been omitted for legal and/or practical consideration. There is some data not covered in the scope of this project, including, but not limited to, cell culture and large-dose animal studies. I have made comparisons and links between related species which may later prove erroneous. I have not verified the information for accuracy or authenticity. Many of the plants presented are poisonous, have poisonous properties, or could cause illness through misuse, allergic reaction, drug interactions and/or environmental contaminants. Some of these plants may be endangered or rare. Please use caution and mindfulness when harvesting any species for any use.

Legend (Mostly for my own reference) Color Reference Guide (for select species pages which include colored uses at the top of their page (example: Acer macrophyllum)
J = Journal searched Deadly
B = Book searched Edible Use
DJVU = .djvu book searched Other Use
U = Added to uses pages Medicinal Use
I = Images Added  

While all hazards should be taken into consideration, plants with the hazard label "Deadly" are especially dangerous and their toxins are not easily degraded or otherwise able to be rendered safe for human consumption. Small doses could be fatal, especially for children, elderly, and those with existing conditions.

  1. Abies Sp. - Fir [B,U]
  2. Abies amabilis - Amabilis Fir [J,B,U]
  3. Abies grandis - Grand Fir [J,B,U]
  4. Abies lasiocarpa - Subalpine Fir [B,U]
  5. Acer Sp. - Maple [J,B,U]
  6. Acer glabrum - Douglas Maple [B,U]
  7. Acer macrophyllum - Bigleaf Maple [B,I,U]
  8. Achillea millefolium - Yarrow [B,I,U]
  9. Achlys triphylla - Vanilla Leaf [J,B,I,U]
  10. Acroptilon repens - Russian Knapweed [B,I,DJVU,U]
  11. Actaea rubra - Baneberry [J,B,U]
  12. Adenocaulon bicolor - Pathfinder [J,B,U]
  13. Adiantum aleuticum - Northern maiden-hair [J,B,U]
  14. Aesculus hippocastanum - Horse-chestnut [B][U]
  15. Ajuga reptans - Bungleweed [B][add images]
  16. Alnus rubra - Red Alder [B][U]
  17. Alnus crispa ssp sinuata - Sitka Alder [B][U]
  18. Alnus Sp. - Alder [B][U]
  19. Ambrosia chamissonis - Silver Burweed [B,I]
  20. Amelanchier alnifolia - Saskatoon [B,I,U]
  21. Anaphalis margaritacea - Pearly Everlasting [B,I,U]
  22. Apocynum androsaemifolium - Spreading Dogbane [B,I,U]
  23. Apocynum cannabinum - Hemp Dogbane [B,U]
  24. Aquilegia formosa - Red Columbine [B,I,U]
  25. Arbutus menziesii - Arbutus [B,I,U]
  26. Arctium Sp. - Burdock [B,I[1/2],U]
  27. Arctostaphylos columbiana - Hairy Manzanita [B,I,DJVU,U]
  28. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - Kinnikinnick (<^Printed) [B,U]
  29. Artemisia Sp. - Mugwort [B][U]
  30. Aruncus dioicus - Goat's Beard [B][U]
  31. Asarum caudatum - Wild Ginger [B][U]
  32. Atriplex Sp. - Orache [J,B][U]
  33. Atriplex hortensis - Garden Orache [B][U]
  34. Atriplex patula - Common Orache [B][U]
  35. Balsamorhiza Sp. - Balsamroot [U]
  36. Bellis perennis - English Daisy [printed][U]
  37. Betula Sp. - Birch Sp. [E-flora, pfaf, B - In progress][U]
  38. Bistorta Sp. - Bistort [U]
  39. Blechnum spicant - Deer fern [U]
  40. Boschniakia hookeri - Vancouver Groundcone[U]
  41. Brasenia schreberi - Watershield [U]
  42. Buddleja davidii - Butterfly Bush [U]
  43. Caltha biflora - White mountain marsh-marigold [U]
  44. Calypso bulbosa - Fairy-slipper
  45. Camassia Sp. - Camas [U] [Needs editing]
  46. Cardamine Sp. - Bitter-cress [B][U]
  47. Carex obnupta - Slough sedge [U]
  48. Centaurea montana - Perennial Cornflower [U]
  49. Cerastium Sp. - Mouse-Ear Chickweed [J,B - do new journal search][U]
  50. Chamaecyparis nootkatensis - Yellow-cedar[U]
  51. Chimaphila Sp. - Prince's Pine [U]
  52. Cichorium intybus - Common Chicory [U]
  53. Cicuta douglasii - Douglas' water-hemlock [U]
  54. Circaea alpina - enchanter's-nightshade [B][U]
  55. Cirsium Sp. - Thistle [U]
  56. Cirsium arvense - Canada thistle [U]
  57. Cirsium vulgare - Bull Thistle [U]
  58. Claytonia Sp. - Springbeauty [B][U]
  59. Clinopodium douglasii - Yerba Buena [U]
  60. Collomia Sp. - Collomia/Trumpet-flower [U]
  61. Conium maculatum - Poison-hemlock [U]
  62. Corallorhiza Sp. - Coralroot [B][U]
  63. Cornus canadensis - Bunchberry [U]
  64. Cornus nuttallii - Western flowering dogwood [U]
  65. Cornus stolonifera - Red-osier Dogwod [U]
  66. Corylus cornuta - Beaked hazelnut [B][U]
  67. Crataegus Sp. - Hawthorn [B][U]
  68. Cytisus scoparius - Scotch Broom [B][U][printed]
  69. Daphne laureola - Spurge-laurel [B][U]
  70. Datura stramonium - Jimsonweed [B][U]
  71. Dicentra formosa - Pacific Bleeding Heart [U]
  72. Digitalis purpurea - Common foxglove [B][U][Needs editing]
  73. Empetrum nigrum - Crowberry [J,B,DJVU][U][Needs editing]
  74. Epilobium angustifolium - Fireweed [B,DJVU][U]
  75. Equisetum Sp. - Horsetails [B,DJVU][U]
  76. Eriophyllum lanatum - Woolly eriophyllum [B][U]
  77. Erythronium Sp. - Fawn Lily [B][U]
  78. Erythronium grandiflorum - yellow glacier lily [B][U]
  79. Eschscholzia californica - California poppy [B][U]
  80. Fallopia Sp. - Knotweed [B][U]
  81. Fraxinus Latifolia - Oregon Ash [B]
  82. Fritillaria Sp. - Fritillary [Needs thorough review (ex. F. latifolia?][U pending review]
  83. Galeopsis tetrahit - Hemp-Nettle [B][U]
  84. Gaultheria shallon - Salal [J,B,DJVU][U]
  85. Geranium robertianum - Herb-Robert [B][U]
  86. Geum Sp. - Avens [J,B][U]
  87. Glechoma hederacea - Ground Ivy [B][U]
  88. Grindelia stricta - Puget Sound Gumweed [J,B][U] [Printed]
  89. Hedera helix - English Ivy [B][U][Printed]
  90. Helianthus annuus - Common sunflower [U]
  91. Helianthus tuberosus - Jerusalem artichoke [B][U][Note to self: see page Notes]
  92. Heracleum maximum - Cow-parsnip [U]
  93. Heracleum mantegazzianum - Giant Cow-parnip [U]
  94. Heuchera Sp. - Alumroot [U][Needs editing]
  95. Hippuris Sp. - Mare's-Tail [U]
  96. Hippuris vulgaris - Common Mare's-tail [U]
  97. Holodiscus discolor - Oceanspray [U]
  98. Honkenya peploides - Seabeach Sandwort [U]
  99. Hypericum perforatum - Common St. John's-wort [U][needed editing]
  100. Hypochaeris Sp. - Cat's Ear [U][Needs editing]
  101. Ilex aquifolium - English holly [U][printed]
  102. Impatiens glandulifera - [needs edit][B,DJVU]
  103. Iris pseudacorus - Yellow iris [U]
  104. Juncus Sp. - Sedges [U]
  105. Juniperus Sp. - Juniper [U][Needs editing]
  106. Juniperus communis - Common juniper [U]
  107. Juniperus Scopulorum - Rocky Mountain Juniper [U]
  108. Kalmia polifolia - Western Bog-laurel
  109. Lactuca Sp. - Lettuce [needs book search]
  110. Lamium galeobdolon - Yellow Archangel
  111. Lamium purpureum - Purple Dead-nettle
  112. Lapsana communis - Nipplewort
  113. Lathyrus japonicus - Beach Pea
  114. Leucanthemum vulgare - Oxeye Daisy
  115. Leymus mollis ssp. mollis - Dune wildrye
  116. Ligustrum vulgare - Common Privet
  117. Lilium columbianum - Tiger Lily
  118. Linaria vulgaris - Butter-and-eggs
  119. Linnaea borealis - Twinflower
  120. Linum usitatissimum - Common Flax
  121. Lonicera ciliosa - Western Trumpet Honeysuckle
  122. Lonicera involucrata - Black Twinberry
  123. Lotus corniculatus - Bird's-foot Trefoil
  124. Luina hypoleuca - silverback luina[created][B]
  125. Lycopus Sp. - Bungleweed [B,DJVU]
  126. Lysichiton americanus - skunk cabbage
  127. Lysimachia nummularia - creeping loosestrife
  128. Madia Sp. - Tarweed [B]
  129. Mahonia Sp. - Oregon-grape
  130. Malus fusca - Pacific crab apple
  131. Malus pumila - Cultivated apple
  132. Maianthemum dilatatum - False Lily-of-The-Valley [J,B]
  133. Maianthemum racemosum - False Solomon's-seal [J]
  134. Maianthemum stellatum - Star-flowered false Solomon's-seal
  135. Marrubium vulgare - Common Horehound
  136. Matricaria discoidea - Pineapple Weed
  137. Melilotus Sp. - Sweet Clover [B]
  138. Mentha arvensis - Field Mint [B]
  139. Mentha spicata - Spearmint
  140. Menyanthes trifoliata - Buckbean
  141. Menziesia ferruginea - False Azalea
  142. Monotropa uniflora - Indian-pipe
  143. Myosotis Sp. - Forget-Me-Not
  144. Myrica californica - Bayberry
  145. Myrica gale - Sweet gale [J,B]
  146. Nuphar polysepala - Rocky Mountain pond-lily
  147. Oplopanax horridus - Devil's club
  148. Oxalis Sp. - Sorrel
  149. Oxycoccus macrocarpus- American Cranberry
  150. Oxycoccus oxycoccos - Bog Cranberry[B]
  151. Papaver argemone - Long prickly-headed poppy [created]
  152. Papaver somniferum - Opium Poppy [created]
  153. Papaver rhoeas - Corn Poppy [created]
  154. Pedicularis Sp. - Lousewort [Djvu]
  155. Persicaria Sp. - Smartweed [*]
  156. Petasites Sp. - Coltsfoot
  157. Phragmites australis - Common Reed
  158. Physocarpus capitatus - Pacific ninebark [B]
  159. Picea sitchensis - Sitka spruce [djvu]
  160. Pinus contorta - Shore Pine [J,B,djvu]
  161. Pinus monticola - Western white pine [B,DJVU]
  162. Plantago lanceolata - Ribwort Plantain
  163. Plantago major - Common plantain [J,B]
  164. Plantago maritima - Seaside Plantain [B]
  165. Polygonum Sp. - Knotweed
  166. Polypodium glycyrrhiza - Licorice fern
  167. Polystichum munitum - Sword fern
  168. Populus Sp. - Poplar
  169. Potamogeton Sp. - Pondweed
  170. Potentilla anserina - Silverweed [B]
  171. Prosartes Sp.- Fairybells [J,B]
  172. Prunella vulgaris - Self-heal
  173. Prunus Sp. - Cherry [B]
  174. Pseudotsuga menziesii - Douglas-fir
  175. Pteridium aquilinum - Bracken fern
  176. Pyracantha coccinea - Scarlet Firethorn [B,DJVU]
  177. Quercus Sp. - Oak
  178. Rhamnus purshiana - Cascara
  179. Rhodiola integrifolia - Roseroot [B]
  180. Rhododendron groenlandicum - Labrador tea [B][Needs editing]
  181. Ribes Sp. - Currant [B][Needs editing]
  182. Robinia Pseudoacacia - Black Locust [J,B][Needs editing]
  183. Rosa Sp. - Roses [B,DJVU][Needs editing]-------------
  184. Rubus Sp. - Raspberry/Blackberry
  185. Rubus discolor - Himalayan Blackberry
  186. Rubus parviflorus - Thimbleberry
  187. Rubus spectabilis - Salmonberry
  188. Rumex Sp. - Dock/Sorrel
  189. Sagina Sp. - Pearlwort [page created]
  190. Sagittaria latifolia - Wapato [B]
  191. Salicornia Sp. - Glasswort [B]
  192. Salix Sp. - Willow [B - further edits needed]
  193. Sambucus racemosa - Red elderberry [J,B]
  194. Sanicula Sp. - Sanicle
  195. Saponaria officinalis - Bouncing-bett [B]
  196. Saxifraga Sp.- Saxifrage [B]
  197. Scutellaria Sp. - Skullcap [B]
  198. Sedum Sp.- Stonecrop [B-skimmed]
  199. Senecio Sp. - Groundsel [B]
  200. Shepherdia canadensis - Soopolallie [**]
  201. Silybum marianum - Milk thistle [J,B,DJVU]
  202. Solanum dulcamara - European Bittersweet [*]
  203. Sonchus Sp. - Sow Thistle [page created - B,DJVU]
  204. Sorbus Sp. - Mountain Ash [page created]
  205. Sparganium Sp. - Bur-Reed [page created] - species pages still needs to be added
  206. Spergula arvensis - Corn Spurry
  207. Spergularia rubra - Red Sand-Spurrey
  208. Spiraea douglasii - Hardhack
  209. Stellaria Sp. - Chickweed [page created]
  210. Symphoricarpos albus - Common Snowberry
  211. Stachys Sp. - Hedge-Nettle
  212. Streptopus Sp.- Twistedstalk [page created]
  213. Tanacetum parthenium - feverfew
  214. Tanacetum vulgare - Common tansy
  215. Taraxacum officinale - Common Dandelion
  216. Taxus brevifolia - Western yew
  217. Tellima grandiflora - Fringecup [J,B,collect more information]
  218. Thuja plicata - Western redcedar [created]
  219. Toxicodendron diversilobum - Poison oak [page created][B,DJVU]
  220. Toxicoscordion venenosum - Meadow Death-Camas
  221. Tragopogon Sp. - Salsify [page created]
  222. Trautvetteria caroliniensis - false bugbane [J,B,DJVU]
  223. Trillium ovatum - western trillium [page created]
  224. Trifolium Sp. - Clover [page created]
  225. Trifolium pratense - Red clover
  226. Tsuga Sp. - Hemlock [Created]
  227. Typha latifolia - Common cattail
  228. Ulex europaeus - Gorse
  229. Urtica dioica - Stinging Nettle [printed]
  230. Veratrum viride - Indian hellebore [page created]
  231. Verbascum thapsus - Great Mullein
  232. Vinca Sp. - Periwinkles [page created]

Grasses

  1. Ammophila arenaria - European Beachgrass
  2. Avena Sp. - Oats [printed]
  3. Eriophorum Sp. - Cotton Grasss [B]
  4. Hordeum brachyantherum ssp brachyantherum - meadow barley
  5. Hordeum jubatum - foxtail barley
  6. Hordeum murinum - wall barley
  7. Phalaris arundinacea - Reed Canary Grass [-] [Page Created]
  8. Schoenoplectus Sp. - Bulrush [page created]
  9. Scirpus Sp. - American Bulrush [page created]

Lichens

Parmelia sp. - Waxpaper Lichen [page created]

Clubmoss

 

 

Seaweeds

  1. Chondracanthus exasperatus - Turkish towel
  2. Dacryopinax spathularia
  3. Desmarestia
  4. Dictyota binghamiae - Mermaid's gloves [B]
  5. Egregia menziesii - Feather boa [Page Created]
  6. Fucus Sp. - Rockweed [B]
  7. Halosaccion glandiforme - Sea Sac
  8. Laminaria
  9. Macrocystis pyrifera - Giant perennial kelp [page created]
  10. Mastocarpus papillatus - Turkish washcloth
  11. Nereocystis luetkeana - Bull Kelp
  12. Palmaria mollis - Red ribbon/Dulse
  13. Porphyra nereocystis - Red alga
  14. Porphyra perforata - Purple layer
  15. Postelsia palmaeformis - Sea palm
  16. Saccharina Sp.
  17. Ulva lactuca - Sea lettuce

Maybes???

Fungi

  1. Agaricus
  2. Amanita phalloides - Death-cap
  3. Amanita muscaria - Fly Agaric
  4. Antrodia Sp. [B]
  5. Bjerkandera Sp. - Smoky polypore [B]
  6. Boletus barrowsii - White king bolete
  7. Boletus edulis - King bolete
  8. Boletus mirabilis - Admirable bolete
  9. Bondarzewia mesenterica - Bondarzew's polypore [B]
  10. Cantharellus cibarius - rainbow chanterelle
  11. Cantharellus formosus - Pacific golden chanterelle
  12. Cantharellus roseocanus - rainbow chanterelle
  13. Cantharellus subalbidus - white chanterelle
  14. Coprinopsis atramentaria - Inky-cap
  15. Coprinus comatus - Shaggy-mane [B]
  16. Cortinarius sanguineus - Blood-Red Cortinarius
  17. Craterellus cornucopioides - horn-of-plenty
  18. Craterellus tubaeformis - trumpet chanterelle
  19. Echinodontium tinctorium
  20. Exidiopsis effusa - Hair Ice fungus
  21. Flammulina velutipes [B]
  22. Fomes fomentarius - Tinder Polypore [B]
  23. Fomitiporia robusta
  24. Fomitopsis Sp. [B]
  25. Galerina Sp. [page created]
  26. Ganoderma Sp. [B]
  27. Geastrum Sp. - Earthstar [B][page created]
  28. Gomphus clavatus - Pig's Ears
  29. Gymnopilus Sp. - Laughing Mushroom/Gym [B]
  30. Gyromitra Sp.- False Morels [B] Needs attention
  31. Hericium abietis - Conifer Coral Hericium
  32. Hericium americanum
  33. Hericium coralloides - Comb Tooth
  34. Hericium erinaceus - Old Man's Beard
  35. Hydnellum peckii - Strawberry and Cream [*]
  36. Hypsizygus marmoreus
  37. Hypomyces lactifluorum - Lobster Mushroom
  38. Inonotus obliquus - Chaga [B]
  39. Laetiporus sulphurous - Chicken-of-the-Woods
  40. Leccinum manzanitae - Madrone bolete
  41. Leccinum scabrum - Common scaber-stalk
  42. Morchella elata group - Black morel
  43. Morchella esculenta - yellow morel
  44. Morchella importuna - northwest landscape morel
  45. Morchella snyderi - Snyder's morel
  46. Panaeolus castaneifolius
  47. Panaeolus subbalteatus - Belted Panaeolus
  48. Paxillus involutus - Poison Pax
  49. Phylloporus rhodoxanthus - Gilled bolete [created][B]
  50. Pleurocybella porrigens - Angel-wings [created][B]
  51. Pleurotus Sp. - Oyster Mushrooms
  52. Polyozellus multiplex - Blue chanterelle
  53. Porodaedalea pini
  54. Psilocybe baeocystis - Potent Psilocybe
  55. Psilocybe cyanescens - Wavy-capped Psilocybe
  56. Psilocybe pelliculosa - Conifer Psilocybe
  57. Psilocybe semilanceata - Liberty-cap
  58. Psilocybe stuntzii - Stuntzs blue-legs
  59. Pycnoporellus alboluteus
  60. Sparassis crispa - Cauliflower Mushroom
  61. Suillus Sp. - Slippery Jack [Page created]
  62. Trametes versicolor - Turkey Tail [B]
  63. Tricholoma magnivelare - Pine mushroom/White Matsutake
  64. Volvariella volvacea

Jellies - Jelly Fungi

Slime Molds

Substance Monographs

  1. Cardiac Glycosides
  2. Coumarins
  3. Cyanogenic Compounds
  4. Inulin
  5. Oxalates
  6. Pectinases [page created]
  7. Protoanemonin
  8. Saponins
  9. Thiaminases

Other Important Pages


Page last modified on Tuesday, September 3, 2019 9:31 AM