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Vancouver Island's Species

This will be an ongoing list of local species on Vancouver island. I will likely create a world map to express their global distribution. I am only focusing on these species, as this is still in the working stages.

Caution
The information presented on this site is provided for educational purposes. Self diagnosis and treatment, without due diligence, could be harmful and is not encouraged. Some information & images may be copyright. Every effort has been made to present the information in the spirit with which it was originally presented. Some data has been omitted for legal and/or practical consideration. There is some data not covered in the scope of this project, including, but not limited to, cell culture and large-dose animal studies. I have made comparisons and links between related species which may later prove erroneous. I have not verified the information for accuracy or authenticity. Many of the plants presented are poisonous, have poisonous properties, or could cause illness through misuse, allergic reaction, drug interactions and/or environmental contaminants. Please use caution and mindfulness when harvesting any species for any use.

Caution Food Other Medicinal


J - Journal searched, B - Book searched

While all hazards should be taken into consideration, plants with the hazard label "Deadly" are especially dangerous and their toxins are not easily degraded or otherwise able to be rendered safe for human consumption. Small doses could be fatal, especially for children, elderly, and those with existing conditions. Please see individual species accounts for more detail.

  1. Abies Sp. - Fir
  2. Abies amabilis - Amabilis Fir [J,B]
  3. Abies grandis - Grand Fir [J,B]
  4. Abies lasiocarpa - Subalpine Fir
  5. Acer Sp. - Maple
  6. Acer glabrum - Douglas Maple
  7. Acer macrophyllum - Bigleaf Maple
  8. Achillea millefolium - Yarrow [printed]
  9. Achlys triphylla - Vanilla Leaf [J,B]
  10. Acroptilon repens - Russian Knapweed [B,DJVU]
  11. Actaea rubra - Baneberry [J,B]
  12. Adenocaulon bicolor - Pathfinder [J,B]
  13. Adiantum aleuticum - Northern maiden-hair [J,B]
  14. Aesculus hippocastanum - Horse-chestnut
  15. Alnus rubra - Red Alder
  16. Alnus crispa ssp sinuata - Sitka Alder
  17. Alnus Sp. - Alder
  18. Ambrosia chamissonis - Silver Burweed
  19. Amelanchier alnifolia - Saskatoon
  20. Ammophila arenaria - European Beachgrass
  21. Anaphalis margaritacea - Pearly Everlastingf
  22. Apocynum androsaemifolium - Spreading Dogbane
  23. Apocynum cannabinum - Hemp Dogbane
  24. Aquilegia formosa - Red Columbine
  25. Arbutus menziesii - Arbutus
  26. Arctium Sp. - Burdock
  27. Arctostaphylos columbiana - Hairy Manzanita
  28. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - Kinnikinnick
  29. Artemisia Sp. - Mugwort
  30. Aruncus dioicus - Goat's Beard [printed]
  31. Asarum caudatum - Wild Ginger
  32. Atriplex Sp. - Orache
  33. Avena Sp. - Oats [printed]
  34. Balsamorhiza Sp. - Balsamroot
  35. Bellis perennis - English Daisy [printed]
  36. Betula Sp. - Birch Sp. [E-flora, pfaf, B - In progress]
  37. Bistorta Sp. - Bistort
  38. Blechnum spicant - Deer fern
  39. Boschniakia hookeri - Vancouver Groundcone
  40. Brasenia schreberi - Watershield
  41. Buddleja davidii - Butterfly Bush
  42. Caltha biflora - White mountain marsh-marigold
  43. Calypso bulbosa - Fairy-slipper
  44. Camassia Sp. - Camas
  45. Cardamine Sp. - Bitter-cress
  46. Carex obnupta - Slough sedge
  47. Centaurea montana - mountain bluet
  48. Cerastium Sp. - Mouse-Ear Chickweed [J,B - do new journal search]
  49. Chamaecyparis nootkatensis - Yellow-cedar
  50. Chimaphila Sp. - Prince's Pine
  51. Cichorium intybus - Common Chicory
  52. Cicuta douglasii - Douglas' water-hemlock
  53. Circaea alpina - enchanter's-nightshade [B]
  54. Cirsium Sp. - Thistle
  55. Cirsium arvense - Canada thistle
  56. Cirsium vulgare - Bull Thistle
  57. Claytonia Sp. - Springbeauty [B]
  58. Clinopodium douglasii - Yerba Buena
  59. Collomia Sp. - Collomia/Trumpet-flower
  60. Conium maculatum - Poison-hemlock
  61. Corallorhiza Sp. - Coralroot [B]
  62. Cornus canadensis - Bunchberry
  63. Cornus nuttallii - Western flowering dogwood
  64. Cornus stolonifera - Red-osier Dogwod
  65. Corylus cornuta - Beaked hazelnut
  66. Crataegus douglasii - Black Hawthorn
  67. Crataegus monogyna - Common hawthorn
  68. Cytisus scoparius - Scotch Broom [printed]
  69. Daphne laureola - Spurge-laurel
  70. Datura stramonium - Jimsonweed
  71. Dicentra formosa - Pacific Bleeding Heart
  72. Digitalis purpurea - Common foxglove [Needs editing]
  73. Empetrum nigrum - Crowberry
  74. Epilobium angustifolium - Fireweed
  75. Equisetum Sp. - Horsetails
  76. Eriophorum Sp. - Cotton Grasss
  77. Eriophyllum lanatum - Woolly eriophyllum [B]
  78. Erythronium Sp. - Fawn Lily
  79. Erythronium grandiflorum- yellow glacier lily
  80. Eschscholzia californica - California poppy
  81. Fallopia Sp. - Knotweed
  82. Fraxinus Latifolia - Oregon Ash [B]
  83. Fritillaria Sp. - Fritillary
  84. Galeopsis tetrahit - Hemp-Nettle
  85. Gaultheria shallon - Salal
  86. Geranium robertianum - Herb-Robert
  87. Geum Sp. - Avens
  88. Glechoma hederacea - Ground Ivy
  89. Grindelia stricta - Puget Sound Gumweed [Printed]
  90. Hedera helix - English Ivy [Printed]
  91. Helianthus annuus - Common sunflower
  92. Helianthus tuberosus - Jerusalem artichoke [B,E-flora,PFAF]
  93. Heracleum maximum - Cow-parsnip
  94. Heracleum mantegazzianum - Giant Cow-parnip
  95. Heuchera Sp. - Alumroot
  96. Hippuris Sp. - Mare's-Tail
  97. Hippuris vulgaris - Common Mare's-tail
  98. Holodiscus discolor - Oceanspray
  99. Honkenya peploides - Seabeach Sandwort
  100. Hordeum brachyantherum ssp brachyantherum - meadow barley
  101. Hordeum jubatum - foxtail barley
  102. Hordeum murinum - wall barley
  103. Hypericum perforatum - Common St. John's-wort
  104. Hypochaeris Sp. - Cat's Ear
  105. Ilex aquifolium - English holly [printed]
  106. Iris pseudacorus - Yellow iris
  107. Juncus Sp. - Sedges
  108. Juniperus Sp. - Juniper [Page Created]
  109. Juniperus communis - Common juniper
  110. Juniperus Scopulorum - Rocky Mountain Juniper
  111. Kalmia polifolia - Western Bog-laurel
  112. Lactuca Sp. - Lettuce [needs book search]
  113. Lamium galeobdolon - Yellow Archangel
  114. Lamium purpureum - Purple Dead-nettle
  115. Lapsana communis - Nipplewort
  116. Lathyrus japonicus - Beach Pea
  117. Leucanthemum vulgare - Oxeye Daisy
  118. Leymus mollis ssp. mollis - Dune wildrye
  119. Ligustrum vulgare - Common Privet
  120. Lilium columbianum - Tiger Lily
  121. Linaria vulgaris - Butter-and-eggs
  122. Linnaea borealis - Twinflower
  123. Lonicera ciliosa - Western Trumpet Honeysuckle
  124. Lonicera involucrata - Black Twinberry
  125. Lotus corniculatus - Bird's-foot Trefoil
  126. Lycopus Sp. - Bungleweed [B,DJVU]
  127. Lysichiton americanus - skunk cabbage
  128. Lysimachia nummularia - creeping loosestrife
  129. Madia Sp. - Tarweed [needs book/journal search]
  130. Mahonia Sp. - Oregon-grape
  131. Malus fusca - Pacific crab apple
  132. Malus pumila - Cultivated apple
  133. Maianthemum dilatatum - False Lily-of-The-Valley [J,B]
  134. Maianthemum racemosum - False Solomon's-seal [J]
  135. Maianthemum stellatum - Star-flowered false Solomon's-seal [created]
  136. Marrubium vulgare - Common Horehound
  137. Matricaria discoidea - Pineapple Weed
  138. Mentha arvensis - Field Mint
  139. Mentha spicata - Spearmint
  140. Menyanthes trifoliata - Buckbean
  141. Menziesia ferruginea - False Azalea
  142. Mitella Sp. - Mitrewort [B][page created][further information needed]
  143. Monotropa uniflora - Indian-pipe
  144. Myosotis Sp. - Forget-Me-Not
  145. Myrica californica - Bayberry [created]
  146. Myrica gale - Sweet gale [created]
  147. Nuphar polysepala - Rocky Mountain pond-lily
  148. Oplopanax horridus - Devil's club
  149. Oxalis Sp. - Sorrel
  150. Oxycoccus macrocarpus
  151. Oxycoccus oxycoccos
  152. Pedicularis Sp. - Lousewort
  153. Persicaria Sp. - Smartweed [*]
  154. Petasites Sp. - Coltsfoot
  155. Phalaris arundinacea - Reed Canary Grass [-] [Page Created]
  156. Phragmites australis - Common Reed
  157. Physocarpus capitatus - Pacific ninebark
  158. Picea sitchensis - Sitka spruce [needs images]
  159. Pinus contorta - Shore Pine
  160. Pinus monticola - Western white pine
  161. Plantago lanceolata - Ribwort Plantain
  162. Plantago major - Common plantain
  163. Plantago maritima - Seaside Plantain
  164. Polygonum Sp. - Knotweed
  165. Polypodium glycyrrhiza - Licorice fern
  166. Polystichum munitum - Sword fern
  167. Populus Sp. - Poplar [needs images/drawings]
  168. Potamogeton Sp. - Pondweed
  169. Potentilla anserina - Silverweed [created]
  170. Prosartes Sp.- Fairybells [Created - Further research needed]
  171. Prunella vulgaris - Self-heal
  172. Prunus Sp. - Cherry
  173. Pseudotsuga menziesii - Douglas-fir
  174. Pteridium aquilinum - Bracken fern
  175. Quercus Sp. - Oak
  176. Rhamnus purshiana - Cascara
  177. Rhododendron groenlandicum - Labrador tea
  178. Ribes Sp - Currant [page created]
  179. Robinia Pseudoacacia - Black Locust
  180. Rosa Sp. - Roses
  181. Rubus Sp. - Raspberry/Blackberry [page created]
  182. Rumex Sp. - Dock/Sorrel
  183. Sagina Sp. - Pearlwort
  184. Sagittaria latifolia - Wapato
  185. Salicornia depressa - maritime glasswort
  186. Salicornia pacifica - American Glasswort
  187. Salix arctica
  188. Salix lucida
  189. Salix scouleriana
  190. Salix sitchensis
  191. Sambucus racemosa - Red elderberry
  192. Sanicula Sp. - Sanicle
  193. Saponaria officinalis - Bouncing-bett
  194. Saxifraga Sp.- Saxifrage
  195. Schoenoplectus acutus - Hard-stemmed bulrush
  196. Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani - Soft-stemmed bulrush
  197. Scirpus americanus - American Bulrush
  198. Scirpus maritimus - Seacoast Bulrush
  199. Scirpus microcarpus - Small-flowered bulrush
  200. Scutellaria galericulata - Marsh Skullcap
  201. Scutellaria lateriflora - Blue Skullcap
  202. Sedum Sp.- Stonecrop
  203. Senecio Sp. - Groundsel
  204. Shepherdia canadensis - Soopolallie [**]
  205. Silybum marianum - Milk thistle
  206. Solanum dulcamara - European Bittersweet [*]
  207. Sonchus arvensis - Perennial sow-thistle
  208. Sonchus asper - Prickly sow-thistle
  209. Sonchus oleraceus - Common sow-thistle
  210. Sorbus aucuparia - European mountain-ash
  211. Sorbus scopulina - Western mountain-ash
  212. Sorbus sitchensis - Sitka mountain-ash
  213. Sparganium Sp. - Bur-Reed
  214. Spergula arvensis - Corn Spurry
  215. Spergularia rubra - Red Sand-Spurrey
  216. Spiraea douglasii - Hardhack
  217. Stellaria Sp. - Chickweed
  218. Symphoricarpos albus - Common Snowberry
  219. Stachys Sp. - Hedge-Nettle
  220. Streptopus amplexifolius - Clasping twistedstalk
  221. Streptopus lanceolatus - Rosy twistedstalk
  222. Streptopus streptopoides - small twistedstalk
  223. Tanacetum parthenium - feverfew
  224. Tanacetum vulgare - Common tansy
  225. Taraxacum officinale - Common Dandelion
  226. Taxus brevifolia - Western yew
  227. Tellima grandiflora - Fringecup [J,B,lookup journals]
  228. Thuja plicata - Western redcedar [created]
  229. Toxicodendron diversilobum - poison oak
  230. Toxicoscordion venenosum - Meadow Death-Camas
  231. Tragopogon dubius - yellow salsify
  232. Tragopogon porrifolius- common salsify
  233. Trautvetteria caroliniensis - false bugbane [J,B,DJVU]
  234. Trillium ovatum - western trillium
  235. Trifolium dubium - Small hop-clover
  236. Trifolium hybridum - Alsike clover
  237. Trifolium pratense - Red clover
  238. Trifolium repens - White clover
  239. Trifolium wormskioldii - Springbank clover
  240. Tsuga Sp. - Hemlock [Created]
  241. Tsuga heterophylla - Western hemlock
  242. Tsuga mertensiana - Mountain hemlock
  243. Typha latifolia - Common cattail
  244. Ulex europaeus - Gorse
  245. Urtica dioica - Stinging Nettle [printed]
  246. Veratrum viride - Indian hellebore
  247. Verbascum thapsus - Great Mullein
  248. Vinca Sp. - Periwinkles

Seaweeds

  1. Chondracanthus exasperatus - Turkish towel
  2. Dacryopinax spathularia
  3. Desmarestia
  4. Dictyota binghamiae - Mermaid's gloves
  5. Egregia menziesii - Feather boa [Page Created]
  6. Fucus distichus
  7. Halosaccion glandiforme - Sea Sac
  8. Laminaria
  9. Macrocystis pyrifera - Giant perennial kelp
  10. Mastocarpus papillatus - Turkish washcloth
  11. Nereocystis luetkeana - Bull Kelp
  12. Palmaria mollis - Red ribbon/Dulse
  13. Porphyra nereocystis - Red alga
  14. Porphyra perforata - Purple layer
  15. Postelsia palmaeformis - Sea palm
  16. Saccharina latissima - Sugar kelp
  17. Saccharina sessile - Sea cabbage
  18. Ulva lactuca - Sea lettuce

Fungi

  1. Amanita phalloides - Death-cap
  2. Amanita muscaria - Fly Agaric
  3. Boletus barrowsii - White king bolete
  4. Boletus edulis - King bolete
  5. Boletus mirabilis - Admirable bolete
  6. Cantharellus cibarius - rainbow chanterelle
  7. Cantharellus formosus - Pacific golden chanterelle
  8. Cantharellus roseocanus - rainbow chanterelle
  9. Cantharellus subalbidus - white chanterelle
  10. Coprinopsis atramentaria - Inky-cap
  11. Coprinus comatus - Shaggy-mane
  12. Cortinarius sanguineus - Blood-Red Cortinarius
  13. Craterellus cornucopioides - horn-of-plenty
  14. Craterellus tubaeformis - trumpet chanterelle
  15. Galerina Sp. [page created]
  16. Gomphus clavatus - Pig's Ears
  17. Gymnopilus aeruginosus - magic blue gym
  18. Gyromitra - False Morels
  19. Hericium abietis - Conifer Coral Hericium
  20. Hericium americanum
  21. Hericium coralloides - Comb Tooth
  22. Hericium erinaceus - Old Man's Beard
  23. Hydnellum peckii - Strawberry and Cream [*]
  24. Hypomyces lactifluorum - Lobster Mushroom
  25. Inonotus obliquus - Chaga
  26. Laetiporus sulphurous - Chicken-of-the-Woods
  27. Leccinum manzanitae - Madrone bolete
  28. Leccinum scabrum - Common scaber-stalk
  29. Morchella elata group - Black morel
  30. Morchella esculenta - yellow morel
  31. Morchella importuna - northwest landscape morel
  32. Morchella snyderi - Snyder's morel
  33. Panaeolus castaneifolius
  34. Panaeolus subbalteatus - Belted Panaeolus
  35. Paxillus involutus - Poison Pax
  36. Phylloporus rhodoxanthus - Gilled bolete
  37. Pleurocybella porrigens - Angel-wings
  38. Pleurotus Sp. - Oyster Mushrooms
  39. Polyozellus multiplex - Blue chanterelle
  40. Psilocybe baeocystis - Potent Psilocybe
  41. Psilocybe cyanescens - Wavy-capped Psilocybe
  42. Psilocybe pelliculosa - Conifer Psilocybe
  43. Psilocybe semilanceata - Liberty-cap
  44. Psilocybe stuntzii - Stuntzs blue-legs
  45. Sparassis crispa - Cauliflower Mushroom
  46. Suillus brevipes - Short-stemmed slippery jack
  47. Suillus caerulescens - Douglas-fir Suillus
  48. Suillus lakei - Western painted Suillus
  49. Suillus luteus - Slippery jack
  50. Suillus pseudobrevipes - Pine slipperycap
  51. Suillus punctatipes
  52. Suillus sibiricus - Siberian slippery jack
  53. Suillus subolivaceus - Slippery Jill
  54. Suillus tomentosus - Tomentose Suillus
  55. Trametes versicolor - Turkey Tail [B]
  56. Tricholoma magnivelare - Pine mushroom/White Matsutake

Jellies - Jelly Fungi

Slime Molds

Substance Monographs

  1. Cardiac Glycosides
  2. Coumarins
  3. Cyanogenic Compounds
  4. Inulin
  5. Oxalates
  6. Protoanemonin
  7. Saponins
  8. Thiaminases

Other Important Pages


Page last modified on Saturday, January 12, 2019 7:57 AM