Lapsana communis - Nipplewort

"Lapsana communis is a ANNUAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in)."
"It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to September, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, flies, lepidoptera, self.The plant is self-fertile."
"Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure." [PFAF]

Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses


"A fairly common garden weed, nipplewort will maintain itself in the garden so long as it is given some disturbed soil in which to self-sow. It is a fairly tolerant plant that succeeds in most soils, so long as they are not too acid, and dislikes heavy shade. It was at one time cultivated as a vegetable[17]." [PFAF]


"Seed - sow in situ during the spring or as soon as it is ripe and only just cover the seed. Plants usually self sow when they are well-sited." [PFAF]


1 sp. (Greek: name used by Dioscorides) [Bogler 2006 FNANM 19:257]
Unabridged references: [Pak & Bremer 1995 Taxon 44:13–21]
"Unabridged note: Lapsana has been reduced to 1 sp., with several subspecies (Flora Europaea) not recognized here, due to the work of Pak & Bremer (1995 Taxon 44:13–21), who segregated 4 Asian species into Lapsanastrum. The highest-elevation collection on record is Lake Arrowhead, San Bernardino Mountains. This sp. is a weed, which can appear, at least temporarily, almost anywhere." [Jepson]

Local Species

  1. Lapsana communis - Nipplewort [E-flora][PCBC]


Page last modified on Wednesday, July 10, 2019 2:16 PM